Taiwan was listed 6th place in the Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011 published by the World Economic Forum in April 2011. In the meantime, according to a report from the World Bank, Taiwan is situated geographically with extremely high risk in natural hazards such as tsunami, typhoon, earthquake and landslide.
As Taiwan has experienced rapid economic growth and dynamic changes due to the natural environment and land use, monitoring environmental change and disaster management had become critical issues in Taiwan. Taiwan has made many significant achievements on earth observation and disaster prevention related areas in recent years.
In this conference, a session on “Taiwan Integrated Earth Observation System” is held in parallel. The session includes reports from government side, such as the National Geographic Information System (NGIS) of the Ministry of the Interior, and the ASO Taiwan Image System of Agricultural Airlines Aerial, the disaster contingency operating system of Water Resources Agency, the Emergency Management Information System (EMIS) of Environment Protection Administration, the landslides in disaster preparedness and response system of Soil and Water Conservation Bureau. Taiwan’s government endeavors had been complemented by the supports from the National Applied Research Laboratories (NARL).
The NARL, funded by the National Science Council, combines 11 national laboratories into juristic institutions. Its missions are to establish R&D platforms; to support academic research; to promote frontier science and technology; and to foster high-tech manpower for the nation. There are 6 research centers dedicated to the R&D of earth observation and disaster reduction related science and technology, which are National Space Organization, National Center for High Performance Computing, Taiwan Ocean Research Institute, Taiwan Typhoon and Flood Research Institute, National Center of Research on Earthquake Engineering, and Nation Center for Science and Technology of Disaster Reduction.
While the NARL is indispensible providing critical technology for the nation, its recent research outcomes presented in this session will include: numerical simulation of tsunami inundation, ensemble forecast experiment for typhoon quantitatively precipitation, establishment of engineering geological database for Taiwan strong motion instrumentation program, development and application of disaster reduction service platform for information sharing and coordination. [Not Present]